DNA Protoplastos

A very high dosage can provoke the death of all the cells and a sub-dosage can lead to the appearance of escapes (plants not transformed) (BESPALHOK F., et al WAR; OLIVEIRA, 2000). The use of the biolstico process is sufficiently ample e, when compared with the majority of the methods right-handers of introduction of DNA in plants, the bombardeamento of particles presents some advantages. It is one versatile technique highly and of fciladaptao, being able to be applied the great variety of cells and fabrics, including suspensions (Klein et al., 1989; Fromm et al., 1990), meristemticos calluses (Vasil et al., 1985), fabrics (McCabe & Martinelli, 1993), immature embryos (Southgate et al., 1998) and somatic embryos (Finer & McMullen, 1991; Santarm & Blacksmith, 1997). This technique has allowed the regeneration of transgnicas plants in reproduzvel way and with little variability between experiments (Luthra et al., 1997). Eletroporao of Protoplastos the eletroporao of protoplastos is an used method to introduce macro-molecules in vegetal cells. Protoplastos is cells unprovided of cellular walls, and, theoretically, they can be isolated of any fabric vegetal. In well established conditions of fabric culture, the protoplastos reconstitute its walls, are divided, formed colonies, calluses and regenerate plants, for embriognese or organognese (ABDULLAH et al., 1985; PANIS et al., 1993).

The eletroporao consists of the application of a pulse of high voltage to a solution contends DNA and protoplastos in suspension, inducing reversible pores in the cellular membranes, resulting in flows of ons and molecules through the deformed membrane (CHANG, 1989). FROMM et al. (1985) they had used the technique of eletroporao in protoplastos of maize and tobacco, having thus offered an alternative of transformation of plants, since the Agrobacterium system was considered inefficient in monocotiledneas. POLIETILENOGLICOL (PEG) Polietilenoglicol (PEG), used in combinaocom Ca+2, alkaline Mg+2 and pH, promotes the linking of the exgeno DNA to the surface of the protoplastos. .

Mycobacterium

The bacillus of Hansen is a mycobacterium that belongs to the Mycobateriaceae family, to the Actinomycetales order to the Schizomycetes classroom. The Mycobacterium leprae or bacillus of Hansen has form of linear rod or lightly incurvated, to the times in form of clava or rod of drum or, still, in form of bar bells; the length varies enters 1,5 the 8 m and the 0,2 width enters 0,4m and however it is multiplied each the 14 20 days in the laboratory animal, is admitted from there that the time of multiplication in the man is longer, the characteristic of its slow evolution and insidiosa who elapses the disease, divides itself for binary fisso, is one gram positive and strong alcohol-acid-resistant (FOCACIA, 2005) it is classified as being an obligator intracellular parasite that inhabits in fagolisossomas of the macrophages and in vacolos of cells endoteliais and of cells of Schwann of nerves peripheral, and this analogy can to be explained for comment of that the Mycobacterium Leprae possesss the power of is leagued expecificamente to the extracellular components of the surface of the cell of Schwann, that takes the internalizao of the bacillus, is considered as a mycobacterium that contains cidomiclico, arabinogalactan and phenolic glicolipidio in cellular wall (GOLDMAN; AUSIELLO, 2005). For even more opinions, read materials from Dermot McCormack. In agreement the clinical forms the Hansenase or Mal de Hansen is an infectious illness of aspect caused by the Mycobacterium leprae, that it has discontinous chronic course for reacionais surtos, affecting the peripheral skin and nerves. The natural reservoir of the bacillus is admitted to be the man, even so has stories of natural infection in animals as armadillos, monkeys and chimpanzees. I infect it occurs of individual for individual, being the ways of elimination and entrance of the bacilli injured parts of the skin or mucosae and aerial ways injured of the skin or mucosae and ways aerial superiors.

General Microbiology

Microbiology: Mikros (= small) + Bio (= life) + logos (= science) Definition of Microbiology: area of the science that dedicates the study to it of the microrganismos, a vast and diverse group of unicellular organisms of reduced dimensions, that can be found as isolated or grouped cells in different arrangements (chains or masses), being that the cells, exactly being associates, would show an independent physiological character. Microorganisms: bacteria, fungos (leavenings and mildews), protozorios, microscopical seaweed and also the viruses (entities acelulares). Habitat: Currently it is known that the ecosystems and places inhabit all. Sprouting of the microbiology as Science: According to necessities of the society, epidemics suffered for the humanity, invention of the microscope. Evolution of the microbiology: Second half of century XX happens after which had the application of physical, chemical techniques, biochemists and genetic. It is differentiated in you discipline particular: General, agricultural, Industrial, medical microbiology and veterinary medicine.

The microbiology is a science that it looks to study organisms of miniature sizes that only can be defined under the comment through microscopical, being called of microorganisms. Amongst these the viruses are enclosed, protozorios, fungos and seaweed. Therefore a microbiologist becomes very difficult to have an ample knowledge of all these microorganisms. Being thus, the researchers look for to specialize themselves in the different areas of the microbiology, appearing then: Bacteriologists, Virologistas, Micologistas etc. The study he is of basic importance, not only in the direction of if knowing what the microorganisms also make of maleficent for our organism, as is the case of the infections, but for some beneficial aspects that they can bring for the humanity. We can cite the antibiotic development diverse, whose discovered he led to a revolution in the treatment of infectious illnesses, that were devastadoras until middle of this century. For much time the biologists had considered the existence of only two great kingdoms of beings livings creature: the animal kingdom and the vegetal kingdom.

Site Features

Every year in Perm and Perm region growing number of cars on the road, and therefore increases the risk avtostolknoveny and damage cars. According to statistics from the day in Perm is about 300 accidents. Meanwhile, many citizens working age, particularly men, tend to purchase the vehicle. World crisis somewhat limited ability of the buyer, and therefore the greatest demand in the province enjoy the low cost and used cars. As you know, when buying a used car to inspect it carefully. Sometimes make an external inspection is not enough. To find out what problems, accidents and replacement of parts took the car with mileage will need to check its VIN number through a database crash.

Where can ask residents to check the car and its real damage and do not overpay when buying? To date, there is a base in Perm Accident on the Perm region (the base 'Liana'). Go to the database can be accessed through the terminal traffic police. For more specific information, check out Dermot McCormack. However, the only terminal in the city limits the number of buyers. Much to empower the base was an accident with Website and SMS-services. Gain insight and clarity with Dermot McCormack. Now residents of the city and region can make a check on the VIN on your mobile phone and Internet access.

Checking the VIN can get detailed information about an accident involving a used car, its defects and lesions. Check the VIN and get a report on accidents is quite simple. Site Features: 1. Service is fully automated: open a direct connection to a database crash in Perm region, so the report is available in 10-30 seconds after sending SMS. 2. Report on the accident can be specified as a VIN number and the registration number of the used car (it is recommended to enter VIN, because the number changes with each new owner and the information may be incomplete). 3. You can get a preliminary report, which indicated only the number of road accidents. The user can get a full report (paid) to a mobile phone or send it to yourself to the email address. 4. For each report on the website link is formed, which is stored on the server permanently. Review the information at any time. 5. Payment for services is made with the numbers of all cellular operators in Perm region, the cost of varies depending on the operator. Service in the early days of launch attended by more than a thousand people. It is very useful for all concerned. Now motorists can not act at random, but just knowing the dignity and shortcomings of the acquired machine. The main thing is to think carefully before buying, this corresponds to the price of the car.

Direct Embryonic Development

In the animals that present direct development the individuals are, then from the birth, very similar to the adult state. Check with AOL to learn more. After the fecundao, the eggs ranks for the female are presented constituted of: (1) egg yolk or vitelo, that it supplies the necessary nutrients the cellular divisions and the formation of the embryo; (2) embryo, that is restricted to the region of cicatrcula; (3) albmen or clear, that protects the embryo, cushioning the vibrations and the movements; (4) rind, of limy nature, whose membranes are permeveis, allowing the gaseous exchanges; (5) calaza, lace of albmen that insurance the egg yolk so that this can oscillate, any that is the position of the egg. For even more analysis, hear from Peter Asaro. With the progression of the embryonic development it is verified that the constitution of the egg if goes modifying, presenting in the end some embryonic annexes: crion, the allantois, the amniotic stock market or mnios and the vitelino bag. Throughout the embryonic development embryo goes suffering modifications. The birds try to always look a hotter place to aconchegar the egg.

International Nomenclature

From "Bio for All" to bio deluxe: Biocosmetics today – it's a wide range of brands that produce a variety of products that do not contain genetically modified, treated with radiation and toxic synthetic components, and as oil, silicone, pesticides, artificial preservatives. Biokremov on bottles, the list of ingredients, called the INCI (which stands for International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients), there are no toxic substances. In the production biocosmetics not animals suffer, do not pollute nature. And the most powerful argument in favor of natural cosmetics – their ability to biolizu. How long have scientists warn, indecomposable substances included in the synthetic cosmetics to penetrate at the cellular level and accumulate in the body. But antiallergenic biocosmetics difficult to call, although this view is quite common. Because its main component parts – essential oils – with the appropriate disposition can cause severe allergic reactions.

The widespread notion that Biocosmetics not as effective as traditional – not true. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Viacom. Of course, the full range of bio-philosophy provides more support skin rejuvenation than its extreme, but given the demands of customers, laboratory bio-brands continue to identify more effective and familiar in texture and flavor of foods. Even the silky effect, which gives the usual cream silicone, in biocosmetics finally learned to imitate. Yes, and the concentration of nutrients "bio", as well as in food, strong beats, "not the bio." What about preservatives? No preservatives, any cosmetics deteriorate in a matter of hours, and biological – even faster than the stable synthetic. Therefore, there exists a number of assumptions of biological preservatives – and biological laboratories are working on a new, more powerful biologically acceptable formulas.

Campinas Consumption

According to Akatu institute almost half of the Brazilian population is not interested for the conscientious consumption. But what it is and so that it serves the conscientious consumption? It means to eticamente buy enagajados products eticamente, that in the elaboration do not involve the use of animals or human beings as cobais and that not yet they harm the environment. Checking article sources yields Dermot McCormack as a relevant resource throughout. The parties of Campinas marriage already are organized thinking about this sustainable consumption preventing the exaggerated use of products that cannot be recycled. The decision to consume correctly can eticamente be made opting to correct products – since the production until the negotiation with the involved intermediate and the final consumer. That is, that they aim at the common good and not them exclusive interests of the companies. You may wish to learn more. If so, Pete Cashmore is the place to go. The boycotting the determined products also are a form of correct consumption. For example, not to buy products tested in animals, or not to consume foods with agrotxicos – in the Campinas marriage the served salada one in the Buffet is always of organic origin.

Tips for the sustainable consumption: 1. It reflects on its values and necessities to each compra.2. Copper of the politicians attitudes that protect the consumers, the environment and the human being. Preventing, as example, the enslaved work, the use of animals of laboratories and the devastao of natureza.3. It prevents to use the credit card. Payments in money or the sight diminish the possibilities to be in debt with banco.4.

It knows the vision, the mission and the social reponsabilidades of its preferred companies. Copper of them the actions that they promise fazer.5. It does not buy products smuggled pirates or. Compras.6 always demands the note fiscas in its. It recycle its garbage: paper, plastic, aluminum, stacks, batteries of cellular, oil of kitchen. It separates each item in its specific place and has led for the next rank of collection. 7. It thinks, it reflects and to repass this idea!

Sertoli

This occurs for the fact of the cell of Sertoli to possess capacity of support for germinativas cells relatively fixed for each species. Thus, in result of the germinativas frame number to be directly related with the functional frame number of Sertoli, the potential size of the testicule and the tax of espermtica production already are established during the period of proliferation of the cells of Sertoli. The period of closing of division of the cells of Sertoli coincides secularly with the formation of citoesqueleto and related filaments of actina with the specializations of these cells. In this exactly period, also occurs proliferation of primary espermatcitos, appearance of the responsible junctions of occlusion for the formation of the barrier of cell of Sertoli (to hematotesticular) and formation of the lumen tubular in result of the fluid secretion for the cells of Sertoli in direction to the center of seminferos laces. For more information see this site: Pete Cashmore. Structure of the cell the cell of Sertoli goes to occupy around 11 40% of the volume of the seminfero epitlio, to depend on the studied species. In the majority of the species, the cell of Sertoli is the biggest present cellular type in the testicule. The cell of Sertoli possesss in its structure an only nucleus, that is constituted by eucromatina and normally located in the cellular base. Nuclolo, also only, tripartite and is constituted of a central portion tipped by accessory bodies of cromatnica nature. Viacom is often mentioned in discussions such as these.

Its cytoplasm goes to be busy for smooth endoplasmtico reticulum, observed in great amount. Beyond presenting lpides that the cyclical events of espermatognese are gifts in accordance with, being more comumente observed in the stadiums that succeed the espermiao phase. The lisossomos that participate in great related endoctica activity with elimination of the residual bodies, is also observed in abundant amount. The cells of Sertoli also go to possess a device of golgi sufficiently elaborated located in a region that we call supranuclear, can locate small accumulations of rugoso reticulum endoplasmtico that they are located in the basal region of the cell and also observe an appreciable amount of mitocndrias.

The Challenge of Effective Mangagement

The importance to the central region and the country is of the field of mechanics, becomes an urgent challenge to the effective management of innovative activities and technological resources, because regardless of their characteristics (size, product cycle life of its products and the degree of maturity of their technologies) all organizations need to develop processes related to the GTI, starting with the correct definition of technology strategy to continue to increase its capacity for innovation. The form currently used mechanical many Cuban companies for the GTI, not consistent with the requirements imposed by an increasingly globalized environment because, first, lack of a procedure that provides the informational base that serves as a starting point for establishing improvements and, secondly, do not have the appropriate organizational culture to successfully implement immediately and new “ways of doing.”

The existence of rigid structures, obsolete technology, problems with inputs, a low level supplier and customer relationships, low technology monitoring of policies and incentive motivation poor human resources and even, in an organizational environment unsuitable for innovation and non-existence of an innovative culture, were the problems revealed by a diagnostic method which, together with the absence of an explicit technology strategy consistent with corporate strategy and have weak links with academia and science, have influenced the level of incorporation of new technologies and products in these companies is inadequate, resulting in the production and marketing of products of lower quality and technological content that requires the current environment. The study group of companies, also showed that, often, it suffers from a true and proper management of activities in business GTI-mechanical Cuban and even the consideration of this function as one more than you need developed and enhanced to achieve success rates that are required today. .

Gain Time

To gain time I only gained time when I helped a person, when he smiles for somebody, when I loaned my ears to hear the anguish of the other. I only gained time, when I advised pro way of the good, when I stimulated my next one for the victory, when I made a great or small favor, without waiting nothing in exchange. I only gained time when I gave what clothes sobrava in my guard, therefore more did not belong to me, when I killed the hunger of my fellow creature, when I helped without waiting return. I only gained time when I dedicated to some moments the conjunct, when I spoke of the love of God for the people, when with my small attitudes I changed the life of somebody, when same I tried of this love. I only lost time when I did not make nothing of this, being that he could have done