Are you tired of your old, cracked walls, which did not fix any wallpaper or paint? Do you want to drastically change the look of the apartment, but major repairs have no money? One of the best ways out of this situation – to sheathe the walls plasterboard. Drywall – environmentally friendly construction supplies made, as the name implies, made from plaster and cardboard. So everything is very simple: first, do framing, which then attached sheets. Let us technology in detail. To begin, select metal profiles, which will be used to build load-bearing frame. Selecting a profile for the premises, the height and thickness of the walls.

To locate the mounting drill with a drill, selected by diameter dowel, hammer, screwdriver, putty knife, carpenter's knife, scissors for cutting metal and profile cutter for cutting the drywall. Still need: pencil, level, and of course the meter. Proceed. Take rate or plumb line and make the floor and the ceiling layout, which determines the distance from the wall to-date profile of the attachment. Using a meter on it draw a line on which the profile will be attached. Attach the rubber stripes on the "sole" rack and guide profiles. Install and tighten the profile along the lines of markup.

To do this, drill the holes for the dowels through the holes in the ceiling and the floor. This can be done well directly through the wall profiles in the right places. Vertical profile attached to the ceiling and floor guide profile self-tapping screws or brackets and the wall – plugs driven into a 600-1000 mm. Remember correct fastening – pledge a flat surface of the walls. In the case of cold or damp home place between the rack frame profiles of mineral-fiber panels. Michael Dell is full of insight into the issues. After installing and fitting all profiles frame make Communications wiring (wiring, pipes, etc.). Now it's time to get down to the fastening panels using screws and screwdriver. Tightly attracted to the shelf panel screws form a rigid profile kostruktsiyu. Plasterboard fixed vertically. The edges of the panels must be flat and fitted in size. To cut the edges of the sheet used hacksaw, carpenter's knife or electrofret. Flat edge of the drywall are using marginal planing. After preliminary training antics on the floor, you are ready to mount on the frame. At intervals of 200-250 mm, attach the plate to the profile of screws. Potschatelnee Customize each other edge, keep in mind that will depend on the general form of the wall. If you need to leave space for an opening (window or door), it is necessary to fix the profiles in terms of its edge and screw cut exactly along the edge of a sheet of drywall. Without much effort, for a couple of days you can quite cope with the large spaces are fairly easy coping with various irregularities and cracks in the walls. After making repairs through drywall you will see that the warmth and comfort will not leave your house.

Wooden And Steel Doors: Pros And Cons

Wooden and steel doors: the pros and cons. The main function of the entry door is to ensure the safety of the premises and give the person a sense of security. Because the technology is not standing still, the market entry the door is constantly being improved and updated with new developments. If earlier, as the entry door used primarily wooden doors, in recent years more and more living space to win steel doors. Let us consider briefly what are those others, and how the doors preferred. The tree today is the most common material for the manufacture of doors. Wooden doors are popular Because of its natural, durable, beautiful appearance and environmental performance. In addition, the wooden door has a low thermal conductivity, ie, in the winter does not release heat from the room, and in summer keeps in home cool.

Depending on customer preferences, you can purchase an expensive wood door with solid oak or beech, and you can opt for cheaper materials – pine or alder. Wooden entrance doors are one and a half, and odnopolnye dvupolnye, swinging, rotating, lifting and sliding, framed, assembled, solid wood, particle board and so on. Choosing wooden doors, we must remember that they must not only be functional and beautiful, but must meet the overall interior space. The most popular entrance wooden doors, made in classic style or modern style. The main disadvantage of wooden doors, in our opinion, is their high value. If we talk about low prices for the metal doors, the foundation of all steel door is welded from steel profiles and rectangular frame, which has internal ribs.

With one or two sides frame welded steel sheets. All the elements of such doors are made of steel with a thickness of 2 mm. Steel doors can be obbit outside decorative panel, leatherette, wood or powder coat. The space between the steel sheet must be filled foam, “backfilling”, pine timber, mineral wool, polyurethane foam. In recent years, as a filler most often using mineral wool as an environmentally friendly material that does not burn and has a sound and thermal insulation. Increased security steel doors is achieved by using multiple locks, usually two, and a few bolts. Keys to the locks installed on the steel doors are manufactured with a laser. Therefore, it is virtually impossible to forge. Another advantage possessed by the metal steel doors, is that they are very difficult to remove from the hinges. At customer steel doors with sound insulation may become bulletproof. With regard to the installation of doors, the wooden and steel doors are almost the same: the wizard with the level of “expose” the door frame, and then through bolting or long pin in the aperture is fixed door. To summarize. Wooden doors, unlike steel, poorly resists fire and shock effect. They are expensive. But wooden doors are durable, environmentally friendly, do not emit harmful substances and have a beautiful presentable. Steel doors can withstand much greater break-ins. In addition, the steel doors have enhanced resistance to fire. Both doors are equally have the same sound and thermal insulation. We are confident that, after weighing all the pros and cons, the buyer will make the right choice.


Fountains of various forms, from simple to sophisticated mix well with a decorative pond, at the same time, saturating the water with oxygen necessary for ryb.Sostoyanie water in the pond plays an important role in the attractiveness of the garden reservoir. The crystal clear water in a pond without a doubt a dream for many owners of reservoirs, especially those that contain fish. In nature, pure and clear water is in lakes located in areas with cold climates, such as in northern latitudes, where water temperature is low enough so the water does not bloom, and the processes of decay of organic matter are very slow. In our area of water in natural water is turbid, especially during summer when water blooms, so in order for you to enjoy the fish in your pond, amid the beautiful clean lined bottom, such as colored pebbles in the pond water to be filtered, and the pond clean of accumulated silt and debris on the bottom floating on the surface. Robotics expert has much to offer in this field. Of course, the first filtration system is needed for a garden pond that contains fish. In nature, natural bodies of water is maintained biocenosis – a natural chemical and biological balance of plant and animal species per unit area or volume has reached a certain balance in the process of evolution. Another thing to man-made reservoirs, where it is necessary to help sustain life the right balance, particularly when high numbers of fish per unit volume. The fact is that in the process of fish waste in the water accumulates a lot of ammonia is very toxic to them.

To transform the ammonia into harmless nitrogen or nitrates, which are absorbed by aquatic plants are needed several kinds of bacteria. Bacteria, in turn, need a substrate on which they zhivut.V artificial reservoir with a relatively high density planting of fish, substrate – the place for the life of bacteria is not enough, so you must use a system of biological and mechanical filtration. The surface area of biological filters is quite large and most toxic substances is converted into harmless bacteria. Particularly well the system works biomechanical filtration combined with UV-filter. UV filter is especially needed during the hot summer, when the water in the pond warms up enough for the active development of blue-green algae – algal bloom begins and possible nighttime Zamora fish, besides not everyone likes the kind of murky green water in your pond. Hardcore UV radiation causes coagulation of unicellular algae, and they, forming clumps, are deposited on the surface of the reservoir filtre.Dlya cleaning of floating debris skimmers shall be installed, it will protect your pond from rotting at the bottom of leaves and other fine dust, and the pond will always look clean and well maintained.

Essential Information About The Closet

In our tiny apartment you need every spare meter area, and outdated furniture often takes too much space. In a fight per square meter to consumers to help the current cabinets coupe! Wardrobe invented by the Americans. They needed the current furniture that would have won the space and time could be very capacity. Pete Cashmore may help you with your research. In the end, there were wardrobes, which quietly turned from a convenient store in a very important thing of a kitchen. The main feature of the cabinet compartment – it's sliding door. A very important detail – the easy case, which could attach virtually any corner or your apartment with us.

And of course the same filling the inside – shelves, drawers, hangers and various other accessories sliding compartment that podsoblyayut rationally defend things. In the performance of the compartment door sliding under the order used advanced cutting-edge technology and materials. Let's count them basic dignity cabinet compartment with respect to conventional wardrobes. 1. Sliding compartment make an individual plan, so that they freely fit into any decor. 2. Door sliding compartment does not require extra space to open them, therefore saving space. 3.

Rear and side walls, roof and bottom of the cabinet, the compartment can replace the ceiling, floor and room walls. 4. Internal stuffing is done according to the customer, which allows the most efficient arrange things. The best window design and the opportunity to calculate the internal space-compartment cabinet – it's a good magnet for consumers, which actively use the manufacturers. Such an attitude towards designing the cabinet led to designing a very high quality and comfortable furniture that meets all customer requirements. If so we call the first sliding door specificity of the cabinet, compartment, let porazgovarivaem of cabinets as you can in some detail. There are three types of doors. 1. Door leaf is in steel or aluminum trim, fastened to which rollers, which roll on the steel plastic or ruts. The flaw of this arrangement is that the doors can jam due to accumulated in the dirt or dust. Even the door can get off the mechanism, very much to push or push on the base, but it also easily returned to its original location. Such mechanisms are the most famous and cheap. 2. A more reliable device, this is when trying to mount a roller with an individual toe connects to the rail on which walks avoiding the risk of relapse is almost zero. 3. In the end, folding or sliding door. This guide applies only the upper guide. Quiet and impeccable quality is caused by movement of the wheels and systems. Guarantee on the mechanisms of slip may be made for up to 12 years.

Repair Technologies For The Office

Major maintenance includes work on the complete redevelopment of the premises, changing windows and doors, electrical wiring, as well as sewer and water services. Process work during complex repair office divided into separate stages. Each of the existing phases we consider in more detail. With the development and approval of the project, installing catwalks and arches begin any repair quality office premises. In the course of the next phase of replacing the old boxes of windows and doors for new, old and understand install new partitions and construction of plasterboard. Inside the place, and then cement pipes for hot and cold water. Replacement is carried out and the wiring to each line of machines are set-breakers.

The walls also hide the local network, security alarm wires, telephone lines, which are placed before or in plastic boxes or in special corrugated pipes. To save money on boxes, in case if the room is provided mounted ceiling, the wires can be hidden behind it. Next, you must remove old paint, wallpaper and flooring. Surfaces should be prepared for painting, and therefore they should be cleaned. As a result, the room is going to trash and junk that you want to remove.

At each stage of work cleaning and garbage collection required to garbage bags were not going in the room, disturbing work. To result in delayed delivery does not create a simple and not going all the materials in the office, preventing the normal operation construction, delivery of construction materials for such work as repair of office, should be carried out strictly according to schedule. Then comes the turn of putty and paint the walls of water-dispersed dye. If you prefer, you can Back doors and windows on popular now, aluminum and plastic windows. In bathrooms and dining room as a floor covering using ceramic tile. Installation of ceiling mounted produce in the end.

In Europe

The main elements of the wooden interior door Raised box. This element is wood- doors are usually made of pine wood or iron. Check out Pete Cashmore for additional information. Inserted into the wall opening bezel box is designed to improve the quality of the installation of door binding. In Europe, the false-packs – compulsory door components, although Russia still prefer a simpler method zapenivaniya. Box. Box – a construction of the fixed door profiles, two goalposts and a horizontal crossbar. It is made either from solid wood or from lamellar wood or MDF. For more specific information, check out Ali Partovi.

In this case, using an array of less preferred because this material loses the other two in the resistance to moisture and temperature changes. Directly on the box is hinged door leaf. Door leaf. Howard Schultz often addresses the matter in his writings. This element is a movable part of the wooden door that opens and closes the wall opening. The canvas can be made of Solid wood, may consist of MDF or particle board, finished veneer of various species, may have an internal skeleton of solid pine and cellular content.

Cloth, having at its core, or DSP array, weigh about 20-30 pounds, and therefore require enhanced hardware (hinges). Fabric with cellular structure have a much more modest weight from 10 to 15 kilograms. It is no coincidence wooden doors with honeycomb filling is called lightweight. Door leaves can be deaf, can have inserts made of glass and grilles can be further decorated with a variety of ways. Plat. These mandatory elements need to cover the junction of leaf and box. Traditionally they are made of solid wood or veneer MDF.

Interior Ministry

Finnish paint solvents NON-FAER (TIKKURILA) at high temperatures forms a foam protective layer, slowing the spread of fire within premises. Coatings and coating are pasty consistency, do not have any decorative properties and completely hide the wood structure, and therefore apply only in special cases. They can be used to protect sheds, attics and various technical areas, which is not subject to the requirements of decoration. Examples of such materials can be such formulations as "CPA" and "VMP-2" (Research Institute of Software of the Interior Ministry), superphosphate daubing "SFO" and cover "OPV-1" (Institute Gipronine-metallorud). Coatings, "CPA" and "VPM-2" is a mixture of heat-and gas-filling in aqueous solution of polymer binders, and the "VPM-2" and contains a fibrous filler. Both the composition intended to protect domestic timber. Superphosphate daubing "SFO" – a mixture of superphosphate with water, also used indoors.

Fire protection coating "OPV-1" is a mixture of exfoliated vermiculite and a liquid binder (liquid sodium glass or silikofosfat sodium). The main purpose of the product – fire protection structures operating in conditions which exclude the impact of precipitation and freezing temperatures. Flame retardants – flame retardant impregnating compositions based on aqueous solutions of salts (salts of boric acids, salts of phosphoric or silicic acid) and surface-active substances – the most widely used wood preservative. The action of flame retardants based on the melting of the fusible material or on an expansion in heating substances that emit gases that do not support combustion. In the first case of the heat expended on melting flame retardants, which increases the ignition temperature of wood, in the second – non-combustible gases released during decomposition of salts, prevent the spread of flames. One of the best fire retardant is diammonium phosphate, which when heated highlights of phosphorus oxides covering the wood with a protective film, and non-flammable gas (ammonia). Flame retardants are introduced into the timber impregnation in an autoclave or hot-cold baths, as well as a surface treatment by brushing or spray gun.

Finnish Doors

Variety of manufacturers, manufacturers, vendors doors scary man in the street. Firstly, it is difficult among all the wealth of choice to pick exactly what you need, and secondly, the buyer often does not know himself what he needed. But sooner or later the choice of the average buyer stops at the Finnish doors. Finnish climate, unlike the Italian, in many ways similar to Russian, so it is "taking root" in Russia in the Finnish doors. Plus, an automated, honed over decades, a Finnish technology for manufacturing doors, whether it is the Finnish entry doors or interior, gives the output quality comparable to the ideal.

Finnish manufacturers produce all sorts of doors you want the appointment. And for every door included "field conditions". For example, the Finnish sauna doors have high moisture resistance and an interesting design – as with glass or without. Frosted glass in interior doors for the sauna gives the sacrament subtext of eroticism, on the other hand, if the doors of spas, which soared in the characters of the film "Peculiarities of National Hunting" stood a glass, then Mihalich would not have got on head billet instead wandered "to spark" the bear, and the writers would have had to invent a different story. Another example – the Finnish fire doors. In addition to capital characteristics, fire doors are a number of features unique to this type of door.

Doors, wooden fire have also increased soundproofing and noise-absorbing. Each door is subject to compulsory certification. Wooden doors withstand up to 30 minutes of continuous fire, which will allow to evacuate even the most one-track. Fire doors, made of metal or composite fire doors (metal-wood) have a higher limit fire. Even specialists fire inspector recommends installing such doors in public institutions such as kindergartens, schools, hotels, manufacturing with high fire safety requirements. You can not bypass the party and the office door, so Next> example of the diversity and variety stores – entrance doors. The tree, which serves the basic material for manufacturing of office doors, painted white or laminated. Classical white Finnish doors, somewhere even cooler, does not relax office workers. Office door – door-Director-to-door in the back room, made the same way according to his official position. For example, the door may be the director of fire and soundproof, and the door to the bathroom sure has a water-resistant characteristics. Every Finnish door marked at the factory, so fake you can see at once. When using materials article link to a site. required.