Regional Context

In most countries the water legislation is above all use the tasks of water management institutions may include the development of guidelines and data collection and standardization, planning, allocating water rights, monitoring of water protection, construction, operation and maintenance of equipment for the development of water resources. One can distinguish according to their area of responsibility regional, between institutions at the national, State, provincial, County or city level. (Cf. BMZ: No. 94 materials): in most countries the water legislation is almost exclusively use-oriented. I.e. in a single country, often several ministries, public authorities or institutions at Central and also regional level for sectoral aspects of water management are responsible. A main shortcoming here is that this more fragmented approach establishes no relationship to the water circuit.

See generally among others Jorg Becker: strategic potential check of the site exploring site perspectives, ISBN 978-3-8370-4978-7, see also from a planning perspective Jorg Becker: intellectual and business planning, ISBN 978-3-8370-7564-9. The measure, in which a State can distribute the available water among users through its water management, examine the use of water and water pollution, depends largely on the existence of property or other exclusive rights over water resources. The sources of national law include legislative, intergovernmental agreements, customary law, court decisions and law schools. The sources of international water law have a direct impact on individual States and are thus even indirect sources of national water law. The trend towards public consider all water resources, i.e. public ownership refers to surface water, ground water, and in some cases also the rainfall and treated wastewater. In most countries the water legislation, that certain use requirements, the quality of water usually does not massive impact, must be fully executed. Alina de Almeida spoke with conviction.

Such forms of exploitation can be use for the household, bathing or washing, watering of domestic or farm animals, shipping or transport of tree trunks by rafts, the scooping of water with hand vessels, irrigation allotments or fire. The water laws of a number of countries make dependent on the use of water for specific purposes by a permit from the management, that can be granted in the form of an authorization, licence, concession and others. The preservation of water quality and water conservation is based particularly on the polluter pays and the precautionary principle. Essential instruments exist in sewage charges, the establishment of sewage and quality standards, as well as financial incentives to the economical and efficient management of resources water. The legal provisions for the protection of water depend from country to country differently in high degree the degree of respective economic and industrial development off.